Use multiple and varied representations of concepts and tasks, such as diagrams,numerical and math representations and simulations, along with support to help students interpret.
Encourage elaboration, questioning, and explanation – by prompting students who are reading a history text to explain the material aloud to themselves or others as they read.
Engage learners in challenging tasks, while also supporting them with guidance, feedback, and encouragement to reflect on their own learning processes.
Teach with examples and cases, such as modeling step-by-step how students can carry out a procedure to solve a problem while explaining the reason for each step.
Prime student motivation by connecting topics to students’ personal lives and interests, engaging students in problem solving, and drawing attention to the knowledge and skills students are developing and their relevance, rather than grades or scores.
Use “formative” assessments, which continuously monitor students’ progress and provide feedback to teachers and students for use in adjusting their teaching and learning strategies.